Dr. C.K. Ramachandran, FRCP, MRCP, DTM & H, PVS Hospital, Kochi
Respected Padmabushan Rev. Fr. Gabriel, who is our great acharya and guru. Throughout his life he is a Karmayogi, through that karma he has worshipped god, we are proud of him. Then respected Fr. George Pius (Director of Amala Cancer Hospital), Mr. T V Antony ex-chief Secretary, Govt. of Tamil Nadu, Fr. Deljo Puthoor (Assoc. Director of Amala Ayurvedic Hospital & Research Centre), Dr. Kesavan - Chief Physician of Amala Ayurveda Hospital - Now I will start with the topic "Prevention of life style diseases". It is a simple and common topic that had been burning from 1940 onwards.
There was an era, an era which we called vedic era when they were not bothered about diseases. Then came the era of communicable diseases where many people died and that era lasted till the end of 19th century. After this era, came the era of degenerative diseases. Now, I am just recollecting a phrase from the gospel of Mathews "Let your lights so shine before men so that they will see your good work & glorify your Lord who is in heaven". So that should be our ultimate aim. You will be imbibing knowledge from here and you will get certain points like how to handle the patients how to tackle their deseases. And now what is meant by life style disease and what is the definition? There are several definitions; one is; it is considered to be a disease of longevity. Then another definition, it is a disease of civilization or we can say a disease of industrialization. Some people opine if as the disease of 20th century. But from Ayurvedic point of view as well as various vedic points of view, I can make a definition in relationship of people with the environment. We are going away from nature by destructing the environment. The new generation dont know what they are doing. He is going away from his wisdom. In Ayurveda, we call this as Prajnaparadham - A mistake that he is doing on his own wisdom and that is responsible for destruction of whole environment. He has conqured the animal kingdom. He thinks that he can become victorious by destructing all plants & trees. This is our present situation. There are about 40,000 international papers, which help to tackle various disease like HTN, coronary diseases & obesity.
From all these, I selected only few papers and they are life style intervention in all cases of coronary diseases those which can give rise to sudden death and cardiac failure. In that papers they explained about yoga, exercises along with food regulation and in that way they produce certain results. In villages, we have plenty of fresh air, plenty of plants, unpolluted and pure water and the people who live in villages do regular exercise by walking etc. and they used to take fresh vegetables. Those people eventually migrated to cities and confined to one room with junk foods and no exercise. But you should remember that there are 3 centres in the world, one in paragon range near to Kashmir, another in coccachian range in Russia and another in Hantus. These are the 3 places where people live for more than 120 years. If you go there, you can see mountains, trees, plants and unpolluted river. And the people in that area were lean people and not obese because they walk in morning and evening and take only vegetables & mainly flesh of birds. All the Americans who have gone there found that they were lean and lived upto 123-130 yrs. The only problem was to prove the age because there was no records of date of birth etc. But still they found it through X-rays.
Recent edition of British Medical Journal showed how the salt reduction can bring down hypertension. Usually we takes 5-6 gms of NaCl per day. By the redution of salt you can control hypertension. I belonged to Kochi Maharaja, we had a Kochi Maharaja Kerala Varma. In 1965, his BP was 230/120 mm Hg. The Medicines at those days was not safe for long duration. That medicines was creating depression, water retention and so many complications. Maharaja of Kochi had to be in the particular type of diet for 21 days without salt. After 21 days, his BP was 120/80 mm Hg. This shows the importance of salt.
Life style diseases can become more popular & everybody can contribute something to it because of its increased publicity. We have to do something a bit different because we are having a heritage Ayurveda. Through that one we can give our contribution and in that way we have to define about health.
According to Veda, when the flower blooms, when the gentle breeze rustles the tender leaves of trees and plants, when the birds twitter. Then I submerge into a mental tranquility which makes me feel that I am only a part of external beauty of nature. That is called as health. That is a feeling that I am a part of nature. I am one among them and I enjoy that feeling. This is the definition of health in vedas.
Now-a-days, it is very cheap to examine health by going to a big hospital for complete check-up. After analysing the reports he feels that he has good health. This is the present concept.
Now I will go to a particular term Rhythm in Rig Veda. What is Rhythm? Rhythm is defined as the delicate balance and the natural harmony which exist between galaxies and constellations, between plants & satellites, between nature of all forms of life. All these together makes universe. So in Universe which ever is kept really in balance of harmony that particular force is known as Rhythm.
There everything in Universe is maintained by the particular force which is keeping the natural force that is the one. The three type of medicines from heaven are pure air, pure light and pure water. Again the three type of medicines from air are curative, maintenance and preventive aspect. So this Rhythm is responsible for maintaining the entire environment.
In Vagbhata's Ashtanga hridaya, there is a reference regarding Ahara. What is real ahara? He has given a list, well balanced diet which contains plenty of carbohydrates, proteins, fat, vitamins and fruit items. That is the list of Nithya ahara Vihara sevi. Along with the ahara, one should do regular exercise. We are getting the life style diseases because of our own prajnapadha. There is a wonderful description by susrutha in that he has described in gulmadikara and their avarana doshas leading to heart attack with IVF.
This is from atharva veda. This sloka shows the importance of exercising in front of rising sun (Surya Namaskara). Drinking the pure water which is coming from himavan and doing exercises in front of rising sun prevents heart attack.Download complete Research Papers