Research Papers (1982-83)


CONTENTS

  • Leukaemia And Allied Diseases - A Review - By Prof. N.S. Narayanan Nair, Principal Investigator, Amala Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre, Thrissur
  • Management of a Common type of skin disease - By Prof. Dr. N.S. Narayanan Nair, D.Ay.M (Banaras), Director of Research, Amala Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre, Thrissur
  • Management of Vataraktha (Rheumatic Diseases) - By Dr. Sr. Donata MD (Ay), Research officer, Amala Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre
  • Clinical Evaluation of two Ayurvedic compounds In Mutrakrichraroga (Lower Urinary Tract Infection) - By Dr. P. J. Jopy.M. D (Ay), Research Assistant, Amala Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre

Leukaemia And Allied Diseases - A Review

Dr. C.K. Ramachandran, FRCP, MRCP, DTM & H, PVS Hospital, Kochi

Ayurvedic treatment is as ancient as Vedas. It had developed itself in all branches and flourished immensely with time and age. Hunting of the Ayurvedic treasures may give valuable information about prevention for disease, as well as treatment of disease. This system had got advantage over other medicines in many respects. It aims at treating the patient (rogi) and the other system aims at treating the disease (roga). Ayurvedic medicines are comparatively cheap, easily available and is one without reactions or complications.

The civilized world is at its path to find out remedies for dreadful diseases like Heart disease, Cancer etc. Cancer kills the patient very slowly. The word "Arbuda" is used to denote Cancer in Ayurveda. We can surely claim that Arbuda was known even from the period of veda. The renowned text-books in the field of Ayurveda such as Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhitha, Astanga Hridaya and special books available in Kerala like yogamruta, Chikitsamanjari too have given description about arbuda. As Ayurveda has given more importance to prevention, detailed descriptions of this disease is not available. Due to the customs followed at that period - Swasthavrita-Dinacharya and Ritucharya - the disease was not so popular at that time.

Ayurveda emphasise to give importance to prevention:

Prakshalanaddhi pankasya dooradasparsanam varam - This has been mentioned in other systems also - "prevention is better than cure".

The mechanical life, violation of our customs, aptitude for imitation of modern living, excessive use of artificial foods, use of excessive fatty foods etc. may be the reason for the disease.

The term arbuda is used to denote malignant tumors. The treatment for various stages of arbuda can even be met with in Vrana chikitsa and Kushta chikitsa. This inclusion may be due to the progressive physical manifestation exhibited by the disease. According to Ayurveda disease is caused by the imbalance of tridoshas and treatment is to bring back the deranged-vitiated-dosha into equilibrium.

Ayurveda has given importance to tridosha aud panchabhuta. The whole body is composed of tridosha. It is described a particular organ or part as a seat of dosha. The drugs or dietetics are composed of Panchabhuta. While treating the disease, one should be fully aware of the type of drug, predominance of a particular panchabhuta so as to enable him to treat the disease properly.

Continued . . . . . . . .

Management of a Common type of skin disease

Prof. Dr. N.S. Narayanan Nair, D.Ay.M (Banaras), Director of Research, Amala Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre, Thrissur

Nowadays, skin disease is more common among our people. This may be due to excessive use of sub-standard cosmetics. Of the many varieties, scabies plays a major role. Ayurveda, the ancient science of life, has included all the skin disease under the term Kushta. Scabies can be equated as Pama. This is more common in children than adults. It is believed that the disease is mainly due to unhealthy living – unhygienic living and irregular diet. It may spread from one person to other by contact - such as sharing of bed, using of same towel and soap, etc. The main sight of the disease is buttock, palm and wrist. There will be itching, pain, watery discharge with fowl smell and irruptions usually small in size, but one or too may sometimes become swollen up giving rise to severe pain. While describing the conditions, Ayurveda gives importance to irregular diet, exercise, incompatible food etc as the causative factor of the disease. In general, it emphasize that it may spread rapidly by contact (Prasamgal, Gathra samsparsal, samkramanti naran, nara (Kushtanidana)).

Treatment of the condition is carried out by all Practitioners - Ayurveda, Homeopathy and Modern Medicine. Of all, Ayurveda holds the supremacy than the others. Number of yogas are available in various texts. It includes quatha (decoctions), churna (Powder), lepa (Ointments), etc. Kerala is following its traditional way of treatment mainly based on Sahasrayoga. It gives treatment to all ailments. The two yogas mentioned in Kushta Prakarana showed remarkable result in the management of Pama (scabies).

The present study is intended to compare the efficacy of the two yogas - Kulakadi and Manjistadi. While selecting drugs for research, it should be cheap, easily available and may be having any complications during and after treatment. It is interesting that both the yogas contain nine drugs each and five are common among both groups. For the trial, quatha was prepared in the traditional way.

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